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  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_flash_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/newportv/public_html/includes/module.inc on line 497.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_flash_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/newportv/public_html/includes/module.inc on line 497.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 745.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_node_status::operator_form() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::operator_form(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/modules/node/views_handler_filter_node_status.inc on line 14.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of content_handler_field::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/cck/includes/views/handlers/content_handler_field.inc on line 208.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 149.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 135.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 135.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_flash_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/newportv/public_html/includes/module.inc on line 497.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_flash_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/newportv/public_html/includes/module.inc on line 497.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 25.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_flash_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/newportv/public_html/includes/module.inc on line 497.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_flash_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/newportv/public_html/includes/module.inc on line 497.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_flash_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/newportv/public_html/includes/module.inc on line 497.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_flash_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/newportv/public_html/includes/module.inc on line 497.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/newportv/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_flash_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/newportv/public_html/includes/module.inc on line 497.

Will Vermont Have Its Own "Keystone" Pipeline?

November 14, 2012

NEWPORT, VT- The issues of energy production and independence were among several hot topics during the just concluded election cycle, with President Barack Obama and challenger Governor Mitt Romney debating the need for Canadian tar-sands oil and the proposed pipeline called Keystone XL.
Tar-sands oil is not just relegated to states far away, however. An existing pipeline, which runs through the heart of the Northeast Kingdom, may host the highly corrosive crude, carrying it over several watersheds and through the ecologically sensitive Victory Bog.
With crude oil production increasing through new technologies to extract oil from sand, and through hydrological fracking techniques, the oil industry is building new pipelines to connect Canadian oil fields to the coast where refineries are located. Two new pipelines have been constructed in recent years and, with a third pipeline already in existence, are transporting 800,000 barrels of crude oil daily from Alberta, Canada, to Texas.
With oil production in Alberta expected to double over the next eight years, construction of the Keystone XL pipeline will be used to move an additional 900,000 barrels of crude oil a day, more than doubling the amount of the existing pipelines.
As a result, Trans Canada and other oil companies including Exxon-Mobil and Shell are considering alternative pipeline routes to connect the oil sands fields in Alberta to seaports where the oil can be refined. One choice under consideration is to take the pipeline that transports crude oil from Portland, Maine, and traverses through New Hampshire and the Northeast Kingdom to Montreal, Canada, and reverse the flow (the Portland/Montreal pipeline and the Enbridge Line 9 in Canada).
Environmentalists have raised several concerns about this plan as the pipeline is 62 years old and tar sand “bitumen” is more corrosive and abrasive than other sources of crude oil.

The aging infrastructure increases the risk of oil spills because the tar sand oil corrodes the piping from the inside out, making it difficult to monitor. Industry research reveals there are 16 times more spills in pipelines transporting tar sand oil than for other types of crude oil.
The extraction of oil sands is also controversial as approximately one-half of Canada's oil sands are dredged up, similar to strip mining coal. Trees are cut, layers of wet land fen and peat are drained and peeled back. Then the bitumen is extracted, down 400 feet and sometimes deeper.
To get the oil to the surface on deeper digs, water is pumped in, breaking up the bitumen, with the heavy soils settling on the bottom, the water in the middle layer, and the oil rising to the top. It is a very intensive process in which energy is expended equal to one barrel of oil to extract 4-8 barrels of crude.
The boom in oil extraction throughout North America has led the industry to expect within a few years that the United States will be the largest producer of oil in the world, surpassing Saudi Arabia. While the increased production has been touted as a way toward energy independence, the crude oil that will be transported to the Gulf Coast of Texas as well as Portland, Maine, will be refined and shipped oversees, bypassing the U.S. market.

 

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